Diamond cut is the most important of the four C’s. When purchasing a diamond, it is wise to devote the majority of your budget to the best cut you can afford since cut directly influences a diamond’s appearance. An ‘excellent’ otherwise known as an ‘ideal’ cut is what gives the diamond its fiery brilliance. An Ideal Cut is a cut grading assigned to a diamond that is expertly proportioned to reflect the most light possible, no matter how big or how small the diamond is. A well-cut diamond can also mask less desirable qualities such as a lower color or clarity grading.

Diamond cut refers to the proportions of the diamond. If the facets are lined up correctly and at the proper angles, light will enter the diamond and be dispersed in a magnificent array of color. If a diamond is cut too deep or too shallow it will leak light, have dark spots and not reach its beautiful light-reflecting potential.

Ideal Very Good Good
Depth % 59%-62.7% 58.1%-63% 56.1%-64.3%
Table % 53%-57% 53%-63% 53%-65%
Girdle Thin-Slightly Thick Very Thin Thick Very Thin – Very Thick
Culet None – Medium None – Medium None – Medium
Polish Excellent – Very Good Excellent – Very Good Excellent – Very Good
Symmetry Excellent – Very Good Excellent – Very Good Excellent – Very Good

Diamond cut is different from diamond shape. Diamond shape refers to the silhouette of the diamond when viewed from the top. The most popular shape is the round brilliant, followed by the square princess cut. Other shapes, like the marquis shape, pear (also known as teardrop shaped), heart shaped, and others are considered fancy cuts.